To understand transliteration meaning, let’s first study the definition of transliteration. Transliteration is the process of converting texts or words in the source language into corresponding characters of the target language.


For example, if we transliterate Greek ⟨χ⟩ , it will be ⟨ch⟩ or in Latin ⟨æ⟩ will be ⟨ae⟩. To clarify, it is the process to express the pronunciation of a word in source language in the alphabet of the target language.


Once we understand the meaning of transliteration , it is important to know where we use it. One often uses the process of transliterating  to process the textual data, for instance, in libraries. Therefore, when one search or indexes content, the transliteration process can find the information written in a different alphabet and returns it into the user’s script.

Moreover, transliteration is meant to preserve the sounds of the syllables in words. Therefore, is helpful when one does not know the script of a language but knows to speak and understand. Further, one transliterates when they need to know the names of people or places. For instance, if we are visiting Ukraine, the word transliteration will be “Олександру Козаку” which equates to “Oleksandru Kozaku” which is similar to the sound of the original in Ukrainian.

However, there are different ways of transliterating a name in a given language and so consistency is important. Therefore, check if the person’s name has been transliterated or if they have a preferred version before printing business cards. So, ultimately the purpose of transliteration is to maintain the integrity or pronunciation of the source word.

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One often confuses or uses the three as the synonyms, however all three are entirely different from each other. So, the following will be the major points of difference between translation, transcription and transliteration:

DEFINITION  It’s a process of converting text from one language and writing it down to another  Listening to an audio or video file, and prepare a script or document in the same language or another language.  Change the letters from one alphabet or language into the corresponding, similar-sounding characters of another alphabet 
PROVIDER  Provided by a certified translator. They need to have a certification from any professional translation associations like ATA, CMI, DLPT etc. 


Done by a transcriber. Therefore, to be professionally recognized, one may need certification from AHDI, AHIMA etc.  Provided by a professional transliteration expert, who as well has to be certified with a professional association 
TYPES  It can be normal, certified or even notarized. You may need to hire a certified translation agency in case you need all three. 


Transcription can be of two types; simultaneous and consecutive  Transliteration is also of two types; forward and backward. 


USES  When one needs to translate a document into another language which the receiving party can understand. For example, tourism document translations, PR etc. 


Useful where the conversion of an audio or video file into a script is necessary for legal or official use.  When we need to preserve the sound or pronunciation of a letter or a language, exactly into another language. For instance, transliterating names, places etc. 
EXAMPLE  Translation of Chinese word 树 into English will be tree.  Transcription is when an audio file has some legal information and we covert it into a script.  Transliteration of English word tree in Chinese would be Shù 

However, all these three have the primary motive of removing the language barrier, all three have different process. Apart from these three one may also use interpretation services for live conversion of a speech or audio into another language. Moreover, the provider of these services come under the umbrella of linguists.

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